How to Develop IEP Goals and Objectives for Children with CVI - Perkins School for the Blind (2023)

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How to Develop IEP Goals and Objectives for Children with CVI - Perkins School for the Blind (1)


Find out what makes goals effective, actionable, and forward-thinking for your child with CVI

Predictable and Actionable IEP Goals for Children with CVI

Congratulations! You've come this far, and that's the exciting part. In the Goals and Targets section of your child's IEP, your team will set clear and achievable goals for your child's educational progress over the next year.

Goals and goals are not synonymous. A goal is specific and measurable. It refers to the general goal of your child after a certain time, e.g. B. be able to read the entire alphabet 3 out of 4 times by the next IEP meeting.

Goals are the smallest steps and skills needed to achieve that goal, e.g. B. Being able to read 50 percent of the alphabet 3 out of 5 times with 2 prompts. Goals often include supports like requests, while a longer-term goal emphasizes independence. here is auseful breakdownof the difference

In either case, the goals and objectives for a child with CVI should be:

  • Linked to your child's assessments and current performance level.
  • Focused on CVI and your child's holistic educational experience; Remember: CVI touches all aspects of your child's learning.
  • Based on data from appropriate CVI assessments conducted by a qualified team.

It is important to note that this section should be written from a strengths perspective, not gaps or weaknesses: goals and objectives should emphasize skills your child can develop, not skills they cannot develop. this must be onepositive, forward thinkingFramework that connects past strengths with future opportunities. He should:

  • Identify your child's current abilities.
  • Identify your prior knowledge.
  • Link to your prior knowledge.

The vision should be considered for all goals and objectives, not isolated from your TVI. Each and every person on your child's team should have reviewed and understood the accommodations necessary for your child to address the skill she is striving for as part of her goal.

(Video) Navigating the IEP process

Marguerite Tibaudo, Associate Director of Assessment and Intervention at the CVI Center at Perkins

SMART model of goals and objectives

At Perkins, we like the aptly named SMART model of goals and objectives. What does that mean? The objectives should be:

  • Specific:They must focus on precise areas of academic performance and functional performance. They contain clear and transparent descriptions of what is being taught and how your child's progress will be measured.
  • Measurable:You must be able to objectively quantify your child's progress. Depending on the goal, metrics can include percentage accuracy, frequency, duration, rate, and intervals.
  • action oriented:Look for words like "increase," "decrease," and "maintain." For example: "Pete will increase the time he spends in the cafeteria at lunch every day." That's why basic facts are so important at today's levels: they give weight to these action words.
  • Realistic and relevant:Your child's goals should not conform to state or local curricula; Instead, they should be individualized to her situation. Remember our mantra: no two children with CVI are the same.
  • Limited time:Goals should have clear time parameters: What will your child be able to do after three months, six months, nine months, and one year? You should be able to monitor progress at clear and regular intervals.

This is a non-SMART goal:This year Pete will begin to identify the letters of the alphabet.

This is a SMART goal:Within six months, Pete will recognize the capital letters A-L 75 percent of the time 4 out of 5 times when presented individually in 18-point Arial font on a black background. Within a year, Pete will recognize the capital letters AZ 75 percent of the time when they are presented individually in 18-point Arial font on a black background.

The SMART method is also useful because it supports ongoing data collection: with clear, linear milestones, an educator should be able to develop a data tracking system for each goal, which in turn determines if adjustments are needed and, by doing so, Help solidify existing levels for the following year's IEP.

As a parent, you have the right to ask how a goal or purpose was determined and what data supports it.

Finally, remember: goals and objectives are not focused on the services your team will provide; it is about what your child could achieve with those services. Yyour childthey canattain. Children with CVI can learn, progress and grow.

Ready to learn more? watch our presentationBuilding accessible and meaningful learning for students with CVI.

Goals should be written to reflect what the student will do.Nowhat service is offered Some examples of possible IEP target areas identified within the current levels are: reading comprehension, fluency, communication, time management, self-advocacy, self-regulation, organization, independent travel, interpersonal and social skills, college and career exploration, math skills , fine motor skills and writing skills.

allan blume, Education Counselor

Examples of IEP Goals and Objectives

Below are some sample IEP goals and objectives for an elementary school student with CVI and other needs. All identifying information has been changed. These examples are only intended to stimulate discussion. All goals are based on a comprehensive assessment, ongoing assessment, and individual student needs.


Measurable annual goal:When given direct, explicit, and repeated instructions, Kai will use mathematical manipulations to represent and solve problems, demonstrating an understanding of number sense 4 out of 5 times, as measured against the targets below.


  1. Kai will count objects up to 25 using a 1:1 correspondence with at least 3 different groups of objects 4 out of 5 times.
  2. With no more than 1 cue, Kai identifies the digits 1-10, both in print and Braille, 4 out of 5 chances.
  3. Given various mathematical tools (tactile, 3D, 2D), Kai combines 2 addends with sums of up to 10 isolated and in the context of a problem posed in 4 out of 5 possibilities.
  4. With different mathematical tools (tactile, 3D, 2D) and no more than 2 prompts, Kai subtracts 2 numbers from 10 in isolation and in the context of a problem posed in 4 out of 5 possibilities.
  5. Facing manipulation, Kai determines which group he is plus or minus 4 out of 5 times.
  6. Using 3D math tools, Kai identifies triangles, rectangles, circles, and pentagons based on how many sides and vertices each shape has in 4 out of 5 ways.


Measurable annual goal:With direct, explicit, and repeated instructions, Kai will improve his phonemic awareness, word recognition skills, and comprehension when given 4 out of 5 opportunities, as measured against the following objectives.


  1. Kai will receptively identify letters when presented with a box of 2 or 3 letters in 4 out of 5 chances.
  2. Kai will receptively identify letter sounds when presented with a 2-letter field and a verbal cue, "What letter makes the ___ sound?" 4 out of 5 options given.
  3. Given meaningful vocabulary and sight words in an accessible print presentation, Kai identifies the words and their initial letter and sound and forms a 4 out of 5 sentence.
  4. Read 4 sentences of a story, Kai answers verbatim questions (who/what/where) 4 out of 5 times.
  5. Will read 2 sentences of a story, Kai will answer conclusion questions (why/how) 4 out of 5 times.
  6. Equipped with a computer with an adapted keyboard and text-to-speech, Kai will compose short written pieces that use significant vocabulary and will see words that he will get 3 out of 5 times.
(Video) Building Accessible and Meaningful Learning for Students with CVI


Measurable annual goal:Kai will improve his ability to produce the target sounds, his ability to understand speech, express himself, and further develop his social language skills, as measured against the following targets.


  1. Kai will retell a simple story or share a simple experience that has more than 2 details if given transitional language (first, next, then, last) on 4 out of 5 presented occasions.
  2. Kai will demonstrate understanding and use of positional concepts such as left, right, in, out, forward, and back by following a 2-step instruction in 4 of 5 ways presented.
  3. Kai will engage in a 3-4 volley conversation with a teacher or a colleague on a predetermined specific topic, receiving 2-3 verbal prompts on 3 out of 5 presented occasions.
  4. Kai answers the who, what, and where questions after a verbal prompt exemplifying how to respond in 2 complete sentences, related to a simple short story and/or recent experiences on 3 out of 4 occasions presented.
  5. Kai will produce the sounds /k/ and /g/ to start words, and /p, b, t, d/, in the middle and final position of words with an initial tactile cue and 3 of the 4 audible cues that follow. introduce you Odds.

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How to Develop IEP Goals and Objectives for Children with CVI - Perkins School for the Blind (3)

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How to Develop IEP Goals and Objectives for Children with CVI - Perkins School for the Blind (4)


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How do you write IEP goals and objectives examples? ›

SMART IEP goals and objectives

Write down several statements about what you want your child to know and be able to do. Revise these statements into goals that are specific, measurable, use action words, are realistic, and time-limited. Break down each goal into a few measurable short-term steps.

What can educators do to help students who are blind or visually impaired? ›

Permit lecture notes to be taped and/or provide enlarged copies of lecture notes where appropriate. Make available large print copies of classroom materials by enlarging them on a photocopier. Convey in spoken words whatever you write on the chalkboard. Read aloud subtitles when using media resources.

What are IEP goals examples? ›

Some examples of possible IEP goal focus areas identified within the present levels are: Reading comprehension, fluency skills, communication, time-management, self-advocacy, self-regulation, organization, independent travel, interpersonal and social skills, college and career exploration, math skills, fine motor ...

What are goals and objectives of an IEP? ›

Goals and objectives are written statements in the IEP. They describe what the child will learn or focus on in the upcoming year in school. Goals look at big steps. They state what the child is expected to learn during the year.

What are the 3 learning objectives examples? ›

These three types of learning include: Creating new knowledge (Cognitive) • Developing feelings and emotions (Affective) • Enhancing physical and manual skills (Psychomotor) Page 2 Learning objectives can also be scaffolded so that they continue to push student learning to new levels in any of these three categories.

What are the five steps to create objectives? ›

5 Steps to Writing Clear and Measurable Learning Objectives
  1. Identify the Level of Knowledge Necessary to Achieve Your Objective. ...
  2. Select an Action Verb. ...
  3. Create Your Very Own Objective. ...
  4. Check Your Objective. ...
  5. Repeat, Repeat, Repeat.
Jun 5, 2022

What are the 3 most important parts of an IEP? ›

The three parts of an IEP goal: current level of performance, specific and measurable goal, and service delivery all need to support each other.

What 5 components must be included in an IEP goal? ›

5 Essential Components of an Individualized Education Program (IEP)
  • How Your Child is Doing in School Now: The PLOP. ...
  • An Outline of Special Education Services Provided. ...
  • Accommodations and Modifications. ...
  • Annual Education Goals. ...
  • How Your Child's Progress Will Be Reported to You.
Sep 30, 2022

What are the two main goals for a student with an IEP? ›

SMART IEPs have specific goals and objectives. Specific goals target areas of aca- demic achievement and functional performance. They include clear descriptions of the knowledge and skills that will be taught and how the child's progress will be measured. Look at these two goals.

What are some good goals and objectives? ›

27 More Examples of Personal Goals
  • Find a career that you love.
  • Find a life partner.
  • Become an expert or leader in your field.
  • Go for a walk every day.
  • Become a better listener.
  • Buy your first home.
  • Save X number of dollars for retirement.
  • Give back to your community in ways that matter to you.

What are 6 steps of establishing objectives and goals? ›

What goals have you set for your business?
  1. Recognise the importance of having goals. ...
  2. Write down your goals. ...
  3. Use SMART goals. ...
  4. Use a detailed Action Plan. ...
  5. Develop self-discipline and focus on implementation. ...
  6. Review your goals regularly.

What are the five main objectives? ›

The key to having good all-round performance is five performance objectives: quality, speed, dependability, flexibility and cost.
  • Performance Objective 1: Quality. ...
  • Performance Objective 2: Speed. ...
  • Performance Objective 3: Dependability. ...
  • Performance Objective 4: Flexibility. ...
  • Performance Objective 5: Cost.
May 4, 2022

How do you formulate objectives? ›

4 must-know tips for writing objectives
  1. Objectives should be inspirational and easy to remember. ...
  2. Objectives should be qualitative. ...
  3. Objectives should be actionable and achievable in a quarter. ...
  4. Objectives should provide business value.

How should objectives be written? ›

Objectives are written in an active tense and use strong verbs like plan, write, conduct, produce, etc. rather than learn, understand, feel. Objectives can help you focus your program on what matters.

How do you write a program objective? ›

Remember, it is important for each objective to include all five elements defining it as specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and time-bound. Including each S.M.A.R.T. element in every objective doesn't mean your objective statements need to be long or wordy…just the opposite!

How do teachers create objectives? ›

A well-written objective will have four parts, it will state the audience (students), provide a measurable and observable behavior, and describe the circumstances, and describe the degree in which students will perform.

What are 7 learning objectives? ›

A good learning objective, for example, seeks to demonstrate the actions that learners successfully perform – List (Remember), Classify (Understand), Use (Apply), Categorize (Analyze), Appraise (Evaluate), and Produce (Create) – upon completing a unit of learning.

What are 3 things written objectives must contain? ›

The Mager model recommended that objectives be specific and measurable, and specified three parts to an objective as follows:
  • It should have a measurable verb (an action verb)
  • It should include a specification of what is given the learner.
  • It should contain a specification of criteria for success or competency.

What makes a strong IEP? ›

Realistic and relevant

SMART IEPs have realistic, relevant goals and objectives that address the child's unique needs that result from the disability. SMART IEP goals are not based on district curricula, state or district tests, or other external standards.

Who is the most important member of the IEP team? ›

The parent(s) or guardian(s) are vital, full and equal members of the IEP team. Your ability to describe your child's strengths and needs keeps the meeting focused and can influence the outcomes. Depending upon a student's age and willingness to participate, they should be included in IEP meetings when appropriate.

How do I make an IEP plan? ›

How to write an effective IEP
  1. Step 1: Define the learning team. ...
  2. Step 2: Present levels of academic achievement, functional performance, strengths, and needs. ...
  3. Step 3: Set goals. ...
  4. Step 4: Understand “accommodations” and “modifications,” and decide how to use them.
Apr 20, 2021

What are 4 modifications accommodations that could be found on an IEP? ›

Common examples of accommodations include extended time to complete assignments, provision of notes or outlines, untimed tests, and reduced number of test questions.

What things must be considered when developing the IEP? ›

When developing your child's IEP, the team must consider five areas:
  • Your child's strengths.
  • Your concerns regarding your child's education.
  • The results of the most recent evaluation.
  • Academic, developmental, and functional needs.
  • Special factors.

What 4 elements must be contained in every IEP goal? ›

Each goal has four elements: a target behavior, the conditions under which the target behavior will be exhibited and measured, the criterion for acceptable performance, and the timeframe within which the student will meet the criterion.

What are the key components to a successful IEP meeting? ›

Bringing Your Best to IEP Meetings
  • Bring the learning goals and plans, and when it is your turn, share your vision for how to help the student strive to reach those goals.
  • Bring some solid strategies and suggestions—and go big.
  • Share what you believe.
  • Ask the hard questions.
  • Say what needs to be said.
  • Fully participate.
Jan 9, 2017

What are the 7 steps of the IEP process? ›

IEP Process Steps
  • Referral for special education evaluation.
  • Evaluating child's eligibility for special education services.
  • Scheduling the IEP Meeting.
  • Developing the initial IEP.
  • Providing special education and related services.
  • Monitoring the child's progress.
  • Reviewing the child's IEP and performing reevaluation as needed.

What are the five 5 keys to successful goal setting? ›

Time Bound.
  • Set Specific Goals. Your goal must be clear and well defined. ...
  • Set Measurable Goals. Include precise amounts, dates, and so on in your goals so you can measure your degree of success. ...
  • Set Attainable Goals. Make sure that it's possible to achieve the goals you set. ...
  • Set Relevant Goals. ...
  • Set Time-Bound Goals.

What are the 5 smart goals examples? ›

5. SMART goal example for increasing sales
  • Specific: I will learn new sales techniques to increase sales at work.
  • Measurable: My goal is to double my sales in four months.
  • Attainable: I've been a sales associate for two years now. ...
  • Relevant: I want to feel more confident at my job and learn new skills.
Aug 5, 2022

Do goals or objectives come first? ›

Goals are big-picture ideas about where you want to go. Objectives are concrete steps that move you toward your goals. Goals precede objectives in a well-run organization, creating an outline and a vision to be filled in with specifics down the line.

What is the first step to establishing objectives? ›

The first step in the process of planning is to set the objective for the plan. The managers set up very clearly the objectives of the company keeping in mind the goals of the company and also the physical and financial resources of the company.

How do you structure goals and objectives? ›

General Goal Setting Tips
  1. set both short- and long-term goals.
  2. set SMART goals.
  3. set goals that motivate you.
  4. write your goals down and put them in a place you can see.
  5. adjust your goals as necessary.
  6. Recognize and reward yourself when you meet a goal.

What are the 4 steps to writing an objective? ›

Be able to describe the four components of a learning objective.
Just ask yourself the questions.
  1. Who is the intended learner?
  2. What do they need to know or do?
  3. What kind of support will we provide? And lastly,
  4. What is the degree of proficiency they need to have?
Oct 25, 2018

What words are used in objectives? ›

  • Sample of action verbs to use when considering Learning Objectives. ...
  • indicate, locate, match, paraphrase, recognize, report, restate, review, select, sort, tell, translate. ...
  • sketch, solve, train, use. ...
  • test, verify. ...
  • manage, organize, plan, prepare, propose, set up, synthesize, write. ...
  • interpret.

WHAT IS objectives and its example? ›

An objective is something you plan to achieve. A military objective is the overall plan for a mission. The objective for a bake sale is to raise money. If your objective is to learn a new word, you have succeeded. An objective is the point of something.

What are the 10 learning objectives? ›

  • The objectives must be clear to students. They ALL must know WHAT they are learning and WHY they are doing it. ...
  • Explain. Demonstrate. ...
  • analyse. arrange. ...
  • adjust. assemble. ...
  • accept. adopt.

How do you write a goal and objective statement? ›

Tips and tricks for writing goals and Objectives
  1. Always write down your goals. First things first: always write down your goals and Objectives. ...
  2. Make sure your goals are measurable. You need to make sure your goals are measurable. ...
  3. Set a deadline. Goals should have a clear deadline. ...
  4. Keep your focus. ...
  5. Do not set goals alone.

What are the 5 performance objectives examples? ›

5 examples of performance objectives that support business growth
  • Quality.
  • Speed.
  • Dependability.
  • Flexibility.
  • Cost.

How do you write a good objective and goal? ›

How to Write Effective Goals
  1. Make it Actionable. Use a verb when writing your goal. ...
  2. Assign an Accountable Goal Owner. ...
  3. Establish Timing. ...
  4. Clearly Define Success. ...
  5. Connect to Why. ...
  6. Break it Down into Milestone Actions.
Oct 21, 2022

What is the most important performance objective? ›

Just remember that while a business can emphasise a wide array of performance objectives, the top 5 most agreed-upon goals are cost, quality, speed, dependability and flexibility.

What are the 4 types of objectives? ›

In summary,
  • Cognitive objectives emphasize THINKING,
  • Affective objectives emphasize FEELING and.
  • Psychomotor objectives emphasize ACTING.
Sep 11, 2018

What are development objectives? ›

The development objectives are actionable plans put in place to improve an employee's career and role, which goes far beyond performance objectives.

What are good objective examples? ›

General career objective examples

Seeking an entry-level position to begin my career in a high-level professional environment. To secure employment with a reputable company, where I can utilize my skills and business studies background to the maximum. Seeking a challenging career with an MNC.

What are some examples of objectives? ›

An Objective has to be quantitative to be effective. For example, 'Make a lot of Money' can't be objective, whereas 'Increase Profit by 20%” is an effective objective as long as it is time bound.
For example,
  • Increase customer retention by 80-90%.
  • Reduce distribution costs by 10%.
  • Seize into the Gartner Magic Quadrant.

What are teaching objectives examples? ›

Examples of Teachers Goals and Objectives
  • To improve students' academic performance.
  • To instill students with intrinsic motivation to learn.
  • To assist the school, i.e., administrators, teachers, students and support staff, to reach their academic and behavioral benchmarks and goals.

How do you write a smart objective example? ›

SMART Goal Example:
  1. Specific: I'm going to write a 60,000-word sci-fi novel.
  2. Measurable: I will finish writing 60,000 words in 6 months.
  3. Achievable: I will write 2,500 words per week.
  4. Relevant: I've always dreamed of becoming a professional writer.
Mar 22, 2021

How do you create a measurable objective? ›

Directions: Write your goal and objectives for each goal in the space provide below. Include: (a) who is involved, (b) what the desired outcomes are, (c) how progress will be measured, (d) when the outcome will occur and (e) the proficiency level.


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